Description:  Windcatchers are just one example of desert architecture that can be used as a phenomenon in a unit on the warming effects of the Sun. Humans have been living in desert climates for thousands of years and have developed many engineering solutions to the problems of desert heat. According to Wikipedia windcatchers can function in three ways by "directing airflow downward using direct wind entry, directing airflow upwards using a wind-assisted temperature gradient, or directing airflow upwards using a solar-assisted temperature gradient."

Web Resource:  Wikipedia - Windcatcher

By Diego Delso, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link