PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation


In this video Paul Andersen describes some of the properties of electromagnetic radiation.  The electromagnetic spectrum varies by wavelength from radio waves to gamma rays.  We only see a portion of the spectrum known as visible light.  A number of phenomenon (including refraction, emission spectrums, and gamma radiation) are discussed.  A teaching progression K-12 is also included.

CCC2: Cause and Effect


In this video Paul Andersen explains cause and effect its importance in science and engineering.  He starts by addressing the chain of interactions that must be present to show cause and effect.  He addresses the assumptions of universality and scale in determining cause and effect.  He finished the video with a progression of instruction from K-12.

SEP2: Developing and Using Models

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Paul Andersen explains the importance of modeling in science and engineering.  Models are used by scientists to explain phenomenon.  Unlike mental models, conceptual models can be shared by all scientists to improve our understanding of the Universe.  Engineers use models study systems and test designs.