Paul Andersen explains how objects interact when touching and at a distance. Electromagnetic forces are very important when objects are touching and fields explain both electromagnetic and gravitational forces. The strong and weak nuclear forces can result in radioactive decay. A brief description of Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation and Coulomb's Law are includes. A teaching progression from grades K-12 is also included.
In the first physical science video for the Next Generation Science Standards Paul Andersen explains the structure and properties of matter. He starts by explaining how all matter is made of about 100 smaller particles called matter. He explains a teaching progression for introducing the topic of matter K-12. This begins with a brief introduction to substances that can be scientifically observed at many levels. This eventually builds through molecules and pure substances to the subatomic structure of atoms and the importance of binding energy.
Paul Andersen explains patterns and describes why pattern recognition is an important skill in science and engineering. He begins by discussing patterns in nature, including snowflakes, flower petals, seasons and nucleotides in DNA. He then illustrates the importance of classification in describing and eventually understanding patterns. He gives a progression instruction in the science classroom from grade K to 12. A secret pattern is hidden within the video.
Paul Andersen explains the importance of modeling in science and engineering. Models are used by scientists to explain phenomenon. Unlike mental models, conceptual models can be shared by all scientists to improve our understanding of the Universe. Engineers use models study systems and test designs.