HS-ESS1-4: Orbital Motions
Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on Newtonian gravitational laws governing orbital motions, which apply to human-made satellites as well as planets and moons.
Assessment Boundary: Mathematical representations for the gravitational attraction of bodies and Kepler’s Laws of orbital motions should not deal with more than two bodies, nor involve calculus.
Objects (e.g. planets, moons, spacecraft)
- First (e = f/d)
- Second (equal area in equal time)
- Third (𝑇^2 ∝ 𝑅^3)
Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system. (Scale, Proportion, and Quantity)
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