K-PS3-2: Shade Structure Design

Use tools and materials provided to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area. (Cause and Effect)

Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.

Assessment Boundary: none


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Cause and Effect
Earth’s surface (e.g. sand, soil, rock, water)
Temperature (e.g. warmer, cooler)
Reduce (e.g. less warming)


Lesson Plans

Learning Plans

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