MS-ESS3-1: Uneven Distribution of Earth's Resources

Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes. (Cause and Effect)

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on how these resources are limited and typically non-renewable, and how their distributions are significantly changing as a result of removal by humans. Examples of uneven distributions of resources as a result of past processes include but are not limited to petroleum (locations of the burial of organic marine sediments and subsequent geologic traps), metal ores (locations of past volcanic and hydrothermal activity associated with subduction zones), and soil (locations of active weathering and/or deposition of rock)

Assessment Boundary: none

Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS3.A: Natural Resources

Crosscutting Concepts
Cause and Effect


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Uneven distribution of Earth’s resources
Mineral resources (e.g. metal ores, soils)
Energy resources (e.g. petroleum)
Groundwater resources
Non-renewable resources
Geoscience processes (e.g. volcanic activity, sedimentary processes)
Cause and Effect


Learning Plans


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