MS-PS1-6: Thermal Energy Design Project

Undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes. (Energy and Matter)

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the design, controlling the transfer of energy to the environment, and modification of a device using factors such as type and concentration of a substance. Examples of designs could involve chemical reactions such as dissolving ammonium chloride or calcium chloride.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the criteria of amount, time, and temperature of substance in testing the device.


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Chemical reaction
Thermal energy
 - Releasing “exothermic” reaction (e.g. dissolving calcium chloride)
 - Absorbing “endothermic” reaction (e.g. dissolving ammonium chloride)
Design solution
Energy and Matter


Learning Plans


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