MS-PS3-4: Thermal Energy Transfer
Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample. (Scale, Proportion, and Quantity)
Clarification Statement: Examples of experiments could include comparing final water temperatures after different masses of ice melted in the same volume of water with the same initial temperature, the temperature change of samples of different materials with the same mass as they cool or heat in the environment, or the same material with different masses when a specific amount of energy is added.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include calculating the total amount of thermal energy transferred.
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Thermal energy transfer
Type of matter
Temperature (average kinetic energy of particles)
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