1-PS4-3: Light and Materials

Plan and conduct investigations to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light. (Cause and Effect)

Clarification Statement: Examples of materials could include those that are transparent (such as clear plastic), translucent (such as wax paper), opaque (such as cardboard), and reflective (such as a mirror).

Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include the speed of light.

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation

Crosscutting Concepts
Cause and Effect


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Beam of Light
 - Transparent (e.g. clear plastic)
 - Translucent (e.g. wax paper)
 - Opaque (e.g. cardboard)
 - Reflective (e.g. mirror)
Cause and Effect


Learning Plans


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