5-ESS2-1: Earth Sphere Interactions

Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. (Systems and System Models)

Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.

Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.

Science Practices
Developing and Using Models

Disciplinary Core Ideas
ESS2.A: Earth Materials and Systems

Crosscutting Concepts
Systems and System Models


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Geosphere (i.e., solid and molten rock, soil, sediment, continents, mountains)
Biosphere  (i.e., plants, animals [including humans]).
Hydrosphere  (i.e., water and ice in the form of rivers, lakes, glaciers)
Atmosphere (i.e., wind, oxygen)


Learning Plans


*Next Generation Science Standards is a registered trademark of Achieve. Neither Achieve nor the lead states and partners that developed the Next Generation Science Standards were involved in the production of this product, and do not endorse it.  Visit the official NGSS website.