HS-ESS2-4: Energy Variation and Climate Change
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of earth’s systems result in changes in climate. (Cause and Effect)
Clarification Statement: Examples of the causes of climate change differ by timescale, over 1-10 years: large volcanic eruption, ocean circulation; 10-100s of years: changes in human activity, ocean circulation, solar output; 10-100s of thousands of years: changes to Earth's orbit and the orientation of its axis; and 10-100s of millions of years: long-term changes in atmospheric composition.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment of the results of changes in climate is limited to changes in surface temperatures, precipitation patterns, glacial ice volumes, sea levels, and biosphere distribution.
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Factors (e.g. Earth’s orbit, solar output, ocean circulation, volcanic activity, human activity, vegetation, etc.)
Cause and Effect
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