HS-ESS2-4: Energy Variation and Climate Change
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Clarification Statement: Examples of the causes of climate change differ by timescale, over 1-10 years: large volcanic eruption, ocean circulation; 10-100s of years: changes in human activity, ocean circulation, solar output; 10-100s of thousands of years: changes to Earth's orbit and the orientation of its axis; and 10-100s of millions of years: long-term changes in atmospheric composition.
Assessment Boundary: Assessment of the results of changes in climate is limited to changes in surface temperatures, precipitation patterns, glacial ice volumes, sea levels, and biosphere distribution.
Factors (e.g. Earth’s orbit, solar output, ocean circulation, volcanic activity, human activity, vegetation, etc.)
Cause and Effect
Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of earth’s systems result in changes in climate. (Cause and Effect)
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