HS-PS3-2: Macroscopic Energy Due to Particle Position and Motion

Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects). (Energy and Matter)

Clarification Statement: Examples of phenomena at the macroscopic scale could include the conversion of kinetic energy to thermal energy, the energy stored due to position of an object above the earth, and the energy stored between two electrically-charged plates. Examples of models could include diagrams, drawings, descriptions, and computer simulations.

Assessment Boundary: none

Science Practices
Developing and Using Models

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy

Crosscutting Concepts
Energy and Matter


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




System and surroundings
Energy flow
Macroscopic energy (e.g. motion, light, sound, thermal energy, potential energy or energy in fields)
Microscopic energy
 - motion of particles (e.g. nuclei and electrons)
 - position of particles (potential energy) in fields
 - energy in fields
Conservation of energy
Energy and Matter


Learning Plans


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