MS-PS3-1: Kinetic Energy of an Object

Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed of an object. (Scale, Proportion, and Quantity)

Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on descriptive relationships between kinetic energy and mass separately from kinetic energy and speed. Examples could include riding a bicycle at different speeds, rolling different sizes of rocks downhill, and getting hit by a wiffle ball versus a tennis ball.

Assessment Boundary: none

Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy

Crosscutting Concepts
Scale, Proportion, and Quantity


The following assessments were created by science teachers hoping to better understand the NGSS. In most cases teachers went from standard to assessment in around an hour.  These are drafts and should be used accordingly. Feel free to improve these assessments or contribute to the collection. Learn more about assessment design here.




Kinetic energy
Mass of the object (KE ∝ m)
Speed of the object   (KE ∝ v^2)


Learning Plans


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