Massachusetts Science Standards

Elementary School Standards


Earth's Systems

K-ESS2-1: Weather Patterns
K-ESS2-2: Environmental Change

Earth and Human Activity

K-ESS3-2 Forecasting Severe Weather
K-ESS3-3: Environmental Solutions

From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

K-LS1-1: Plant and Animal Needs
K-LS1-2(MA): Plant and Animal Growth*

Matter and its Interactions

K-PS1-1(MA): Solids and Liquids*

Motion and Stability: Forces and interactions

K-PS2-1: Pushes, Pulls, and Motion


K-PS3-1: Sunlight Warms the Earth
K-PS3-2: Shade Structure Design



Grade 1

Earth’s Place in the Universe

1-ESS1-1: Sun, Moon, and Star Patterns
1-ESS1-2: Seasonal Sunlight

From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

1-LS1-1: Biomimicry Design Solution
1-LS1-2: Behavior - Parents and Offspring

Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

1-LS3-1: Plant and Animal Structures

Waves and their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

1-PS4-1: Sound and Vibrating Materials
1-PS4-3: Light and Materials
1-PS4-4: Communication Device Design




Grade 2

Earth’s Systems

2-ESS2-1: Erosion Design Solution
2-ESS2-2: Mapping Land and Water
2-ESS2-3: Water on Earth
2-ESS2-4(MA): Wind*

Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

2-LS2-3(MA): Animal and Plant Needs*

Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity

2-LS4-1: Habitats and Biodiversity

Matter and its Interactions

2-PS1-1: Material Properties
2-PS1-2: Materials Testing
2-PS1-3: Objects and Pieces
2-PS1-4: Reversible and Irreversible Changes


2-PS3-1(MA): Friction*



* Standards added to the NGSS
Image By PapaDunes (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0] |English: Sunset on w:Cape Cod Bay in w:Brewster, Massachusetts